Computer science education is an education and training program that combine theoretical knowledge with learning of various computer science concepts. It involves the application of scientific methods to learning of computer science concepts. The program helps students in obtaining desirable results from scientific research or experiment, developing a working knowledge of science.
The curriculum of computer science education comprises learning different branches of science; Programming, hardware and software; Computer Organization and Systems; Database Design and Management; Principles of Programming Languages; Software Development; and Web Technologies.
Women constitute a major segment of the computer science education sector, despite making up a lesser percentage of the population. This may be attributed to the dearth of female faculty in colleges and universities.
However, this percentage is gradually slowly increasing with the efforts of governmental organizations, educational institutes and universities. The number of female computer science teachers is also on the rise. To bridge the gender gap in computing education, various programs are being chalked out by educational institutions.
Many schools have introduced a policy of introducing a computer science education curriculum only after achieving graduation from high school. Since many of them may be inclined to adopt a hands-on approach in learning, they introduce computing concepts in class as part of the regular curriculum. Some schools, on the other hand, prefer to incorporate computing concepts into the science of science curriculum. In such a case, students may follow a prescribed set of courses, either general or specific, according to their preferences.
With increasing demand for highly skilled jobs, both men and women are now taking up jobs related to scientific jobs like programmers, scientists, engineers, mathematicians, computer experts, etc. These professionals are required to implement computer science concepts into their jobs.
Computer professionals in IT services are mostly women. In order to bridge the gender gap in the field of science and engineering, several colleges are offering online learning programs. They provide the opportunity to women to learn computer science concepts and apply them to real-life situations.
While enrolling into any of these online learning programs, students need to follow the teacher education curriculum taught in regular colleges. However, since students from different countries may not be able to learn the same subjects, teachers can customize the computer science education curriculum to suit the learning style of each student.
Some of the subjects that a student must learn include probability, statistics, algebra, computer languages, logic, computer architecture, program design, etc. The number of hours in a particular class may depend on the topics taught. For instance, a two-hour class may be adequate for calculus if the student belongs to an average university but may be less if he/she belongs to a junior college.
A major part of computer science education curriculum includes teaching the students basic skills and knowledge about computing. The first two years of the course work generally cover the basic foundation and concepts of computing such as discrete math, geometric reasoning, probability, and statistics.
Students must also master the concepts of software design, manual programming, distributed computing, systems management, and formal processes. Teaching students to these concepts is essential to build up the student’s computing skills and to develop computer literacy.
A long way to go
In computer science education, teachers should ensure that they teach the subject matter in an interesting and logical manner. It should make the students use an understanding of the subject matter and apply it to real-life situations. For this reason, teachers should keep track of the results of their teaching through the grades to evaluate their performance.
Grades are often used to determine the effectiveness of the teacher education lesson plan.
Every district has its own specific computer science education curriculum. Generally speaking, the teaching materials are aligned with the state standards. However, some states have developed their own curricula, which may not be aligned with the federal government’s standards. Some districts also develop their own independent computer science education curriculum.
Most districts require teachers to successfully complete a professional development course prior to teaching in the classroom.